It was clear that segregation had a negative effect on black children — they were not treated as equal citizens. It also was apparent that “separate but equal” schools were not equal. For example, one county in South Carolina budgeted $43 for each black child in 1951, compared with $179 for each white child.
The court’s decision started not only the campaign to integrate schools throughout the country, but also started the breakdown of segregation at lunchrooms, restrooms, water fountains, hotels, buses and swimming pools.
The two lead attorneys were Charles Houston and Thurgood Marshall, the architects of the NAACP’s legal strategies. Marshall later would become the nation’s first black justice on the Supreme Court.